Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Apr 29;100(9):5170-4. Epub 2003 Apr 16.

Human capillary morphogenesis protein 2 functions as an anthrax toxin receptor.

Author information

1
McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Abstract

Bacillus anthracis secretes two bipartite toxins thought to be involved in anthrax pathogenesis and resulting death of the host. The current model for intoxication is that protective antigen (PA) toxin subunits bind a single group of cell-surface anthrax toxin receptors (ATRs), encoded by the tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) gene. The ATR/TEM8-PA interaction is mediated by the receptor's extracellular domain related to von Willebrand factor type A or integrin inserted domains (VWA/I domains). A metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) located within this domain of the ATR/TEM8 protein chelates a divalent cation critical for PA binding. In this report, we identify a second PA receptor encoded by capillary morphogenesis gene 2 (CMG2), which has 60% amino acid identity to ATR/TEM8 within the VWA/I domain, as well as a conserved MIDAS motif. A recombinant CMG2 protein bound PA and mediated toxin internalization when expressed on receptor-deficient cells. Binding between the CMG2 VWA/I domain and PA was shown to be direct and metal-dependent, although the cation specificity of this interaction is different than that observed with ATR/TEM8. Northern blot analysis revealed that CMG2 is widely expressed in human tissues, indicating that this receptor is likely to be relevant for disease pathogenesis. Finally, a soluble version of the CMG2 VWA/I domain inhibited intoxication of cells expressing endogenous toxin receptors when it was added to PA at a 3:1 ratio. These studies distinguish CMG2 as a second anthrax toxin receptor and identify a potent antitoxin that may prove useful for the treatment of anthrax.

PMID:
12700348
PMCID:
PMC154317
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0431098100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center