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J Lipid Res. 2003 Jun;44(6):1224-31. Epub 2003 Apr 16.

PPAR(alpha) and PPAR(gamma) activators suppress the monocyte-macrophage apoB-48 receptor.

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Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.

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  • J Lipid Res. 2003 Sep;44(9):1808.


Certain triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs), specifically chylomicrons, dyslipemic VLDLs, and their remnants, are atherogenic and can induce monocyte-macrophage foam cell formation in vitro via the apolipoprotein B-48 receptor (apoB-48R). Human atherosclerotic lesion foam cells express the apoB-48R, as determined immunohistochemically, suggesting it can play a role in the conversion of macrophages into foam cells in vivo. The regulation of the apoB-48R in monocyte-macrophages is not fully understood, albeit previous studies indicated that cellular sterol levels and state of differentiation do not affect apoB-48R expression. Since peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate some aspects of cellular lipid metabolism and may be protective in atherogenesis by up-regulation of liver X-activated receptor alpha and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1, we examined the regulation of apoB-48R by PPAR ligands in human monocyte-macrophages. Using real-time PCR, Northern, Western, and functional cellular lipid accumulation assays, we show that PPARalpha and PPARgamma activators significantly suppress the expression of apoB-48R mRNA in human THP-1 and blood-borne monocyte-macrophages. Moreover, PPAR activators inhibit the expression of the apoB-48R protein and, notably, the apoB-48R-mediated lipid accumulation of TRL by THP-1 monocytes in vitro. If PPAR activators also suppress the apoB-48R pathway in vivo, diminished apoB-48R-mediated monocyte-macrophage lipid accumulation may be yet another antiatherogenic effect of the action of PPAR ligands.

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