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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2003 May;24(4):141-51.

Effect of food on gastrointestinal transit of liquids in cynomolgus monkeys.

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Novel Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Institute for Technology Development, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 180 Ozumi, Yaizu-shi, Shizuoka 425-0072, Japan.


We investigated the gastrointestinal transit of liquids, as well as various gastric pH profiles, in fed cynomolgus monkeys. Twelve grams of a biscuit-type solid food were provided 1 h before the test. The acetaminophen method was used to determine the gastric half-emptying time (t(50%)), which provided an estimate of the gastric emptying rate. The gastric emptying rate of liquids was significantly reduced after food intake in monkeys. The mean t(50%) value was 143.5 min and comparable to that of humans after eating. However, there was a large variability in the t(50%) between individual animals as shown by the coefficient of variance of approximately 80%. Next, the median oro-caecal transit time in fed monkeys was determined to be 1.8 h, using the sulfasalazine-sulfapyridine method. There was no significant difference in oro-caecal transit time between unfed and fed monkeys; thus, food intake has no significant effect on the oro-caecal transit time of liquids in either monkeys or humans. However, the oro-caecal transit time in humans is about 2 h longer than that in monkeys. Our experiments using several different foods suggested that the typical human gastric pH profile could not be simulated in fed monkeys.

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