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Mol Cell Biol. 2003 May;23(9):3216-25.

Death inducer-obliterator 1 triggers apoptosis after nuclear translocation and caspase upregulation.

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Department of Immunology and Oncology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología/CSIC, Universidad Autonomo de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain.


Death inducer-obliterator 1 (DIO-1) is a gene that is upregulated early in apoptosis. Here we report that in healthy cells, the DIO-1 gene product was located in the cytoplasm, where it formed oligomers. After interleukin-3 starvation or c-Myc-induced apoptosis in serum-free conditions, DIO-1 translocated to the nucleus, where it upregulated caspase levels and activity. A nuclear localization signal deletion mutant (DIO-1deltaNLS) was unable to translocate to the nuclear compartment in the absence of interleukin-3 and failed to upregulate procaspase levels or trigger cell death. In addition, cells stably expressing DIO-1deltaNLS were protected from apoptosis induced by interleukin-3 withdrawal. These results indicate that DIO-1 has a relevant role in regulating the early stages of cell death.

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