Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2003 May 1;108(1):19-24.

Pregnancy as a risk factor for acute toxoplasmosis seroconversion.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics of the Health Science School, National University of Brasília, Brasília (DF), Brazil. bmb@terra.com.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the hypothesis that pregnancy is a risk factor for toxoplasmosis seroconversion.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A prospective observational study of women at child-bearing age vulnerable to Toxoplasma gondii. Serological reactions with indirect immunofluorescent antibody and immunoenzyme tests were used. The risk estimate used limits of reliability at 95%, and the results were validated by chi(2) and RR tests.

RESULTS:

Acute infection among pregnant women was 8.6% (45/522), and pregnancy was confirmed to be a risk factor for seroconversion (P=0.001). Living in close contact with host animals and vehicles of oocyst transmission proved to be a statistical risk for pregnant women to seroconvert, which was aggravated in adolescents.

CONCLUSION:

Gestation, potentiating susceptibility to this infection, points to the need of primary and secondary prevention for all pregnant women at risk.

PMID:
12694964
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center