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Eur J Biochem. 2003 Apr;270(8):1816-27.

Regulated interaction of endothelin B receptor with caveolin-1.

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Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Oiwake, Japan.


The peptide hormone endothelin transmits various signals through G protein-coupled receptors, the endothelin type A (ETAR) and B (ETBR) receptors. Caveolae are specialized lipid rafts containing polymerized caveolins. We examined the interaction of ETBR with caveolin-1, expressed in Sf9, COS-1, and HEK293 cells, and its effects on the subcellular distribution and the signal transduction of ETBR. ETBR formed a complex with caveolin-1 in cells in which these two proteins were coexpressed and in the mixture after purification and reconstitution (as examined by immunoprecipitation) suggesting the direct binding of ETBR with caveolin-1. The complex formed efficiently only when the ETBR was ligand-free or bound to an antagonist, RES-701-1, whereas the addition of ET-1 or another antagonist, BQ788, dissociated the complex, suggesting the structural recognition of ETBR by caveolin-1. In contrast, the ETAR bound to caveolin-1 regardless of ligand binding. Caveolin-1 utilized its scaffolding domain (residues 82-101) and the C-terminal domain (residues 136-178) to bind to ETBR, as for other signalling molecules. Furthermore, the amount of ETBR localized in caveolae increased significantly with the expression of caveolin-1 and decreased with the addition of ET-1. The disruption of caveolae by filipin reduced the ET-1-derived phosphorylation of ERK1/2. These results suggest the possibility that the binding to caveolin-1 retains the ligand-free ETBR in caveolae and regulates the ET signal.

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