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Hum Immunol. 2003 May;64(5):553-61.

Association between the transmembrane region polymorphism of MHC class I chain related gene-A and type 1 diabetes mellitus in Sweden.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain related gene-A (MIC-A) is associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in other populations. We tested the association of MIC-A gene polymorphism with T1DM in Swedish Caucasians; if it has an age-dependent association; and if the association has an effect on gender. We studied 635 T1DM patients and 503 matched controls in the age group of 0-35 years old. MIC-A5 was significantly increased in T1DM compared with controls (odds ratio [OR] =1.81, p(c) < 0.0005). Logistic regression analysis revealed MIC-A5 association was independent of HLA. MIC-A5 with DR4-DQ8 or MIC-A5 with DR3-DQ2 gave higher OR than the OR obtained with either of them alone (OR = 1.81, 7.1, and 3.6, respectively). MIC-A5 was positively (OR = 2.48, p(c) < 0.0005) and MIC-A6 negatively associated (OR = 0.61, p(c) = 0.035) with the disease in < or = 20 years of age. The negative association of MIC-A6 in young onset was confirmed by logistic regression analysis. MIC-A5 was associated with the disease in males (OR = 2.05, p(c) = 0.0005). MIC-A6 conferred protection (OR = 0.098, p(c) = 0.032) in females heterozygous for DR3/DR4. In conclusion, MIC-A5 is associated with T1DM; the association was higher in individuals < or = 20 years old; and negative association of MIC-A6 was stronger in younger onset patients than in older onset patients.

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