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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Apr;22(4):366-8.

Influenza A-associated central nervous system dysfunction in children presenting as transient visual hallucination.

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Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, 5 Fu-Shin Street, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan.


Five children, ages 3 to 6 years, developed visual hallucination and inappropriate behavior within 3 days of the onset of an influenza-like illness. Electroencephalographic examinations showed generalized slow waves in all five cases. Evidence of acute influenza A viral infection was documented in all five cases. Within 8 days all five children were discharged in stable condition. Influenza A-associated central nervous system dysfunction may be more common than previously recognized, and the prognosis is not necessarily poor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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