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Trends Neurosci. 2003 Apr;26(4):193-8.

The Nogo-66 receptor: focusing myelin inhibition of axon regeneration.

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Departments of Neurology and Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box 208018, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


CNS myelin inhibits axonal outgrowth in vitro and is one of several obstacles to functional recovery following spinal cord injury. Central to our current understanding of myelin-mediated inhibition are the membrane protein Nogo and the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR). New findings implicate NgR as a point of convergence in signal transduction for several myelin-associated inhibitors. Additional studies have identified a potential coreceptor for NgR as p75(NTR), and a second-messenger pathway involving RhoA that inhibits neurite elongation. Although these findings expand our understanding of the molecular determinants of adult CNS axonal regrowth, the physiological roles of myelin-associated inhibitors in the intact adult CNS remain ill-defined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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