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Biodegradation. 2002;13(5):297-305.

Mechanism of aerobic transformation of carbon tetrachloride by poplar cells.

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1
College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Abstract

The biochemical mechanism of carbon tetrachloride transformation by poplar cells was investigated using an axenic poplar cell culture. After one-day incubations of poplar cells under aerobic conditions, about 1.5% of dosed carbon tetrachloride was transformed to carbon dioxide, about 0.001% to chloroform and about 3% of the carbon was bound to insoluble poplar cellular materials. The production of carbon dioxide increased under aerobic conditions while the formation of chloroform and cell binding of carbon tetrachloride-carbon was enhanced under anaerobic conditions. Both carbon dioxide production and cell binding were significantly inhibited by a general inhibitor of cytochrome P-450 activity (carbon monoxide) and by specific P-450 2E1 inhibitors (chlorzoxazone, isoniazid, 4-methylpyrazole and 1-phenylimidazole). However, no inhibitory effects were observed when the cells were incubated in the presence of lignin peroxidase inhibitors (NaVO3 and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole). These results suggest that an enzyme similar to mammalian cytochrome P450-2E1 is involved in the metabolism of carbon tetrachloride by poplar cells. This study demonstrates an environmental biodegradative process for carbon tetrachloride that operates under aerobic conditions.

PMID:
12688582
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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