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Hernia. 2003 Sep;7(3):130-3. Epub 2003 Apr 3.

Carboxymethylcellulose coated on visceral face of polypropylene mesh prevents adhesion without impairing wound healing in incisional hernia model in rats.

Author information

1
Kocaeli Medical School Department of Surgery, University of Kocaeli, Kocaeli Derince Izmit, Turkey.

Abstract

Adhesions between viscera and mesh may result in intestinal obstruction and fistulae formation. Fewer adhesions with sodium carboxymethylcellulose (SCMC)-coated polypropylene mesh (PM) has been reported, but impaired wound healing was the major concern. We investigated the adhesion-prevention effect of SCMC in different concentrations, as coating only on visceral face of PM and its effects on wound healing. A full-thickness abdominal wall defect was created in 28 rats, which were then divided into three groups. In Group I (control), the defect was repaired with PM only; in Group II and Group III, the defects were repaired with 1% and 1.6% SCMC-coated-PM, respectively. All animals were sacrificed at day 30, and histological evaluation and adhesion scoring were done. Animals in the group in which 1.6% SCMC-coated PM was used developed significantly fewer adhesions compared with other animals (P=0.04). Histological evaluation using a semiquantitative scoring system showed no difference between the groups in fibrosis and inflammation scores (P=0.9 and P=0.3, respectively), and thickness of fibrosis on mesh was also similar (P=0.5). SCMC in 1.6% concentration as coating only on the visceral face of PM reduced the incidence and severity of adhesions without impairing wound healing.

PMID:
12687427
DOI:
10.1007/s10029-003-0125-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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