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Brain Res. 1976 Apr 16;106(1):133-45.

Dopaminergic innervation of the rat prefrontal cortex: a fluorescence histochemical study.


After the destruction of the noradrenergic ascending pathways, the localization of frontal cortical fields receiving fibers from the dopaminergic mesocortical system has been studied in rats, using a glyoxylic-paraformaldehyde method. The dopaminergic innervation was distributed in two main areas. The area of highest density was a medial field which spread in the medial cortex anterior and dorsal to the genu of the corpus callosum. It did not reach the shoulder region except in the foremost part of the frontal lobe where dopaminergic fibers were scattered in the whole cortex, including the molecular layer. A deep sulcal field was situated between the dorsal bank of the rhinal sulcus and the lateral cortex above it. In addition, a moderately dense band of dopaminergic fibers was observed between the corpus callosum and the anterior commissura, beside the accumbens nucleus. Similar data were obtained with dopamine uptake experiments on reserpine-treated but otherwise normal animals. The frontal areas receiving dopaminergic innervation coincide strikingly with the 'prefrontal cortex' as defined by neuroanatomical studies, which is assumed to be more or less equivalent to the prefrontal cortex of primates and derives direct projections from the amygdala. The functional implications of these findings are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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