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J Urol. 2003 May;169(5):1738-41.

Phase II study of abarelix depot for androgen independent prostate cancer progression during gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist therapy.

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Division of Hematology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.



We determine the clinical efficacy of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) antagonist abarelix in patients with androgen independent prostate cancer, and measure its effect on serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone.


A total of 20 patients with prostate cancer progression during Gn-RH agonist therapy received 100 mg. abarelix depot by intramuscular injection on days 1, 15 and 29, and then every 28 days for up to 24 weeks. Gn-RH agonist therapy was not continued. Patients who met criteria for prostate specific antigen (PSA) response after 24 weeks of therapy could receive treatment for up to 52 weeks. PSA response was the primary end point and was defined as a 50% decrease confirmed 4 weeks later. Secondary end points of this study were the effect of therapy on serum FSH and testosterone.


No patient met the criteria for PSA response. At the end of the 6 cycles of therapy 2 patients remained stable without PSA progression or other signs of disease progression. Median time to progression was 8 weeks (95% CI 5.7-10.3). Mean serum FSH decreased by more than 50% from a baseline of 5.7 IU/l. (95% CI 4.2-7.1) and remained suppressed throughout the observation period. Mean serum testosterone did not change after 4 and 8 weeks of therapy and remained in the anorchid range. Treatment was well tolerated with no grade 3 or higher toxicity.


Treatment of androgen independent prostate cancer with abarelix decreases circulating FSH and maintains anorchid testosterone but does not result in clinical responses.

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