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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Aug;285(2):G255-65. Epub 2003 Apr 9.

CCK-58 is the only detectable endocrine form of cholecystokinin in rat.

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Center for Ulcer Research and Education, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 90073, USA.


CCK-58 differs from CCK-8 in patterns of expression of pancreatic secretion of fluid and amylase and gallbladder contraction. These differences have physiological relevance only if CCK-58 release is stimulated by nutrients entering the intestine and if CCK-58 circulates in sizeable amounts. In this study, we report that when radiolabeled CCK-58 is added to rat blood and plasma is formed, there is extensive loss and degradation of the radioactive peptide. Therefore, a new method was developed to minimize loss and degradation of this label. This method recovered >85% of the label with no detectable degradation. Furthermore, the optimized method recovered all unlabeled exogenous cholecystokinin molecular forms in >80% yields. Blood from fasted rats and rats in which cholecystokinin release was stimulated by the trypsin inhibitor camostat contained only CCK-58 (3.5 +/- 0.5 and 17 +/- 1.5 fmol/ml, respectively). Because CCK-58 predominates in the blood, this molecular form should be used in studies on the physiology and pathophysiology of cholecystokinin.

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