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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 Apr 11;1647(1-2):70-5.

Alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase peroxisome-to-mitochondrion mistargeting in human hereditary kidney stone disease.

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Department of Biology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK.


The pyridoxal-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) is mistargeted from peroxisomes to mitochondria in patients with the hereditary kidney stone disease primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) due to the synergistic interaction between a common Pro(11)Leu polymorphism and a PH1-specific Gly(170)Arg mutation. The kinetic partitioning of newly synthesised AGT between peroxisomes and mitochondria is determined by the combined effects of (1) the generation of cryptic mitochondrial targeting information, and (2) the inhibition of AGT dimerization. The crystal structure of AGT has recently been solved, allowing the effects of the various polymorphisms and mutations to be rationalised in terms of AGT's three-dimensional conformation. Procedures that increase dimer stability and/or increase the rate of dimer formation have potential in the formulation of novel strategies to treat this otherwise intractable life-threatening disease.

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