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Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2003 Jun;5(2):121-7.

Linkage and association studies of schizophrenia.

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SGDP Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crepigny Park,London SE5 8AF, UK.


Recent twin studies confirm that schizophrenia is highly heritable, but attempts to locate and identify genes have proved to be difficult. This is largely because major genes appear to be rare or nonexistent. Instead, genetic liability almost certainly results from the combined effects of multiple susceptibility loci and most studies have been under-equipped to detect such effects. Nevertheless, several regions of the genome have been implicated by more than one linkage study and chromosome 22q has been implicated by linkage and by studies of patients with microdeletions. Recent work attempting to refine regions of interest using linkage dysequilibrium mapping has identified four promising and novel "positional candidates;" they are neuregulin-1 on chromosome 8p-p21, G72 located at chromosome 13q34, dysbindin at 6p22.3, and proline dehydrogenase, which is a gene that maps to chromosome 22q11. In addition, there is renewed interest in a fifth gene, catechol-O-methyltransferase, also on chromosome 22q11.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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