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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2003 Jul;168(3):344-6. Epub 2003 Apr 9.

Acute mania is accompanied by elevated glutamate/glutamine levels within the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

Author information

1
University of Muenster, 48129 Münster, Germany. nikmich@uni-muenster.de

Abstract

RATIONALE:

The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) participates in the pathophysiology of mania. In particular, left-sided structural and metabolic abnormalities have been described.

OBJECTIVES:

Clinical symptoms may be due to hyperactivity of cortical glutamatergic neurons, resulting in increased excitatory neurotransmitter flux and thus enhanced Glx levels.

METHODS:

Glutamate/glutamine (Glx) levels were assessed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in eight acute manic patients compared with age- and gender-matched controls.

RESULTS:

Manic patients had significantly elevated Glx levels ( t-test; t=-3.1, P=0.008) within the left DLPFC.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that the prefrontal cortical glutamatergic system is involved in the pathophysiology of acute mania. This may have implications for the treatment of mania.

PMID:
12684737
DOI:
10.1007/s00213-003-1440-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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