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J Neurosci. 2003 Apr 1;23(7):2715-25.

Selective expression of a persistent tetrodotoxin-resistant Na+ current and NaV1.9 subunit in myenteric sensory neurons.

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1
Int├ęgration des Informations Sensorielles, Unite Mixte de Recherche 6150, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 13916 Marseille, France.

Abstract

Voltage-gated Na(+) currents play critical roles in shaping electrogenesis in neurons. Here, we have identified a TTX-resistant Na(+) current (TTX-R I(Na)) in duodenum myenteric neurons of guinea pig and rat and have sought evidence regarding the molecular identity of the channel producing this current from the expression of Na(+) channel alpha subunits and the biophysical and pharmacological properties of TTX-R I(Na). Whole-cell patch-clamp recording from in situ neurons revealed the presence of a voltage-gated Na(+) current that was highly resistant to TTX (IC(50), approximately 200 microm) and selectively distributed in myenteric sensory neurons but not in interneurons and motor neurons. TTX-R I(Na) activated slowly in response to depolarization and exhibited a threshold for activation at -50 mV. V(1/2) values of activation and steady-state inactivation were -32 and -31 mV in the absence of fluoride, respectively, which, as predicted from the window current, generated persistent currents. TTX-R I(Na) also had prominent ultraslow inactivation, which turns off 50% of the conductance at rest (-60 mV). Substituting CsF for CsCl in the intracellular solution shifted the voltage-dependent parameters of TTX-R I(Na) leftward by approximately 20 mV. Under these conditions, TTX-R I(Na) had voltage-dependent properties similar to those reported previously for NaN/Na(V)1.9 in dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with this, reverse transcription-PCR, single-cell profiling, and immunostaining experiments indicated that Na(V)1.9 transcripts and subunits, but not Na(V)1.8, were expressed in the enteric nervous system and restricted to myenteric sensory neurons. TTX-R I(Na) may play an important role in regulating subthreshold electrogenesis and boosting synaptic stimuli, thereby conferring distinct integrative properties to myenteric sensory neurons.

PMID:
12684457
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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