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Appl Opt. 2003 Apr 1;42(10):1779-87.

Radiometric errors in complex Fourier transform spectrometry.

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  • 1Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


A complex spectrum arises from the Fourier transform of an asymmetric interferogram. A rigorous derivation shows that the rms noise in the real part of that spectrum is indeed given by the commonly used relation sigmaR = 2X x NEP/(etaAomega square root(tauN)), where NEP is the delay-independent and uncorrelated detector noise-equivalent power per unit bandwidth, +/- X is the delay range measured with N samples averaging for a time tau per sample, eta is the system optical efficiency, and Aomega is the system throughput. A real spectrum produced by complex calibration with two complex reference spectra [Appl. Opt. 27, 3210 (1988)] has a variance sigmaL2 = sigmaR2 + sigma(c)2 (Lh - Ls)2/(Lh - Lc)2 + sigma(h)2 (Ls - Lc)2/(Lh - Lc)2, valid for sigmaR, sigma(c), and sigma(h) small compared with Lh - Lc, where Ls, Lh, and Lc are scene, hot reference, and cold reference spectra, respectively, and sigma(c) and sigma(h) are the respective combined uncertainties in knowledge and measurement of the hot and cold reference spectra.

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