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Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2003 Mar-Apr;116(3-4):124-9.

[The humeral immune response of swine after experimental infection with Salmonella typhimurium].

[Article in German]

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Bundesforschungsanstalt für Viruskrankheiten der Tiere, Standort Jena.


LPS antibody reaction of S. Typhimurium was detected in a total of 111 two- to ten-week-old pigs, which had been exposed to experimental oral infection with this serovar in 16 separate experiments. The total antibody level was determined according to the meat juice ELISA provided for the Salmonella control programme and the antibody concentrations of the isotopes IgG1, IgG2, IgA and IgM. Although there were significant differences between the individual experiments with respect to the reaction intensity and proportion of the individual immune globulin isotypes, the following general statements on the dynamics of the antibody reaction can be made: Clearly elevated antibody levels could be observed one week after the onset of infection. After one and two weeks, respectively, 22.5 and 52.9% of the infected animals showed antibody levels which were to be evaluated as positive in the sense of the Salmonella control programme (> or = 40%). While the concentration of the IgM-related antibodies decreased again during the second week already, the antibody concentration of IgG1 and IgG2 continued to increase until the end of the experiment after 3 weeks. The clear differences in the reactions between the experiments cannot be explained solely by defined conditions of infection such as strain of infection, infective dose or age of the pigs. Obviously, other non-defined or non-recognized factors may have a decisive influence on the dynamics of the antibody reaction in the animal groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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