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Nat Immunol. 2003 May;4(5):471-7. Epub 2003 Apr 7.

Central role for type I interferons and Tyk2 in lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxin shock.

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Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Veterinary University of Vienna, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.


Toll-like receptor-4 activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces the expression of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) in a MyD88-independent manner. Here we report that mice devoid of the JAK protein tyrosine kinase family member, Tyk2, were resistant to shock induced by high doses of LPS. Basal and LPS-induced expression of IFN-beta and IFN-alpha4 mRNA in Tyk2-null macrophages were diminished. However, Tyk2-null mice showed normal systemic production of nitric oxide and proinflammatory cytokines and the in vivo response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) was unperturbed. IFN-beta-null but not STAT1-null mice were also resistant to high dose LPS treatment. Together, these data suggest that Tyk2 and IFN-beta are essential effectors in LPS induced lethality.

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