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Doc Ophthalmol. 2003 Mar;106(2):137-43.

Chiasmal coefficient of flash and pattern visual evoked potentials for detection of chiasmal misrouting in albinism.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. j.w.r.pott@ohk.azg.nl

Abstract

The diagnosis of albinism can be confirmed by electrophysiological examination, when chiasmal misrouting can be demonstrated. The present study describes a quantitative analysis method for this purpose. A chiasmal coefficient (CC) was calculated by correlating the differential potential over left and right hemisphere, when stimulating left versus right eye. This CC will be negative in albinism and positive in normal individuals. VEPs were recorded in 20 control subjects, four children with congenital motor nystagmus and six children with albinism. In up to 25% of the controls the CC was negative, when using flash VEP. However, with pattern VEP all had a positive CC. All children with albinism had a negative CC. Three of the four patients with congenital motor nystagmus had a positive CC, and one child had a small negative value with flash stimulation. In conclusion, determination of CC is a valuable and objective analysis method for electrophysiological determination of chiasmal misrouting. The method is relatively simple and only needs two electrode tracings. One should be aware of false-positive results when using flash stimulation. Whenever possible pattern stimulation should be used.

PMID:
12678278
DOI:
10.1023/a:1022526409674
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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