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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2003 Apr;24(4):337-41.

Effects of valsartan with or without benazepril on blood pressure, angiotensin II, and endoxin in patients with essential hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241001, China. keyongsheng@163.com

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the effects of valsartan (Val) with or without benazepril (Ben) on blood pressure and plasma levels of angiotensin (Ang II) and digoxin-immunoreactive factors (endoxin) in patients with essential hypertension.

METHODS:

Ninety patients with essential hypertension were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=30 per group): Ben group (Ben 10 mg/d, po); Val group (Val 80 mg/d, po); combination drug therapy group (Val 80 mg/d+Ben 10 mg/d, po); all patients were treated for 12 weeks. Age and sex-matched 20 normal subjects were served as control group.

RESULTS:

The levels of plasma endoxin and Ang II in patients with essential hypertension were remarkably higher than those in normal subjects. The levels of plasma Ang II and endoxin were all obvious positive correlation with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (Ang II: r=0.5151, 0.7978; endoxin: r=0.4706, 0.7274, respectively). Within 6 weeks of drug intervene, SBP and DBP were remarkably decreased in 3 groups. After 6 weeks, SBP and DBP were continuously decreased in Ben group and Val+Ben group, but not in Val group. Level of plasma Ang II was remarkably decreased as SBP and DBP decreased in Ben group and Val+Ben group; level of plasma Ang II was remarkably increased in Val group.

CONCLUSION:

Val with or without Ben remarkably decreased SBP and DBP in patients with essential hypertension within 6 weeks. Antihypertensive efficacy was weakened after long-term use of Val alone. The antihypertensive effect of Val+Ben group was the most remarkable among 3 groups and could avoid the side effects of high plasma Ang II.

PMID:
12676074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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