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Immunization against ovine haemonchosis with three low molecular weight somatic antigens of adult Haemonchus contortus.

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Dpto. PatologĂ­a Animal I (Sanidad Animal), Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Spain.


Individual bands (15) from electroblotted soluble extracts of adult Haemonchus contortus were excised and three peptides of molecular weight ca. 56 (F4), 39 (F8) and 18.5 kDa (F14) used to vaccinate 4-4.5-months-old lambs against the nematode. Immunizing doses from each peptide were administered in 1 ml Freund complete adjuvant (first 50 microg injection) and 1 ml Freund incomplete adjuvant (second and third 50 microg injections) to six lambs. Two weeks after last immunization, animals were challenged with 300 L-3/kg live weight (LW). Lambs were slaughtered 34 days after challenge. Immunization induced a strong antibody response estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, whereas no peripheral lymphoproliferative response was observed. Lambs in the F8-vaccinated group showed on average delayed pre-patent period, lower faecal egg counts and reduction of abomasal worm burdens, although the differences were not statistically significant.

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