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Psychol Assess. 2003 Mar;15(1):101-9.

Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: an evaluation of two self-report scales among crime victims.

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Department of Clinical Psychology, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The validity of the Impact of Events Scale (IES) and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptom Scale, Self-Report version (PSS-SR) was examined among crime victims. Both instruments performed well as screeners for PTSD. For the IES, sensitivity ranged between .93 and 1.00; for the PSS-SR, sensitivity ranged between .80 and .90. Specificity for the IES ranged between .78 and .84 and for the PSS-SR ranged between .84 and .88. Some individual items from the 2 scales performed just as well as the total scales. The authors conclude that either of these short self-report instruments or their individual items are suitable as screeners for PTSD, specifically in settings where mental health professionals are unavailable. Cross-validation of these results is necessary because of the small sample size in this study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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