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Int J Cancer. 2003 Jun 10;105(2):226-31.

Immunization with tumor-derived ER chaperone grp170 elicits tumor-specific CD8+ T-cell responses and reduces pulmonary metastatic disease.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biophysics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.


Glucose-regulated protein (grp) 170 is a molecular chaperone localized in endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which has been demonstrated to interact with the peptides translocated by transporter associated with antigen presentation (TAP). In our study, we have evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of tumor-derived grp170 against the highly metastatic and poorly immunogenic murine melanoma B16F10. Immunization of mice with grp170 preparations from autologous tumor significantly delayed progression of the primary cancer and reduced established pulmonary metastases, which was associated with the prolonged survival of metastases-bearing mice. However, grp170 from normal liver or antigenically distinct tumor failed to exhibit therapeutic effect. In addition, tumor-derived grp170 elicited a potent cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response specific for B16F10 tumor, which correlates with in vivo protective effects. Adoptive transfer of splenocytes obtained from B16F10-grp170-primed animals remarkably suppressed pulmonary metastases. Depletion of either CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells in priming phase significantly abrogated the tumor immunity induced by the B16F10-grp170. However, the vaccine activity was intact when CD4(+), not CD8(+), T cells were depleted in effector phase. It suggests that CD4(+) T helper cells play an important role in the generation of effective antitumor response, whereas CD8(+) T cells are predominantly involved in direct killing of tumor cells. These observations have strong clinical implications for using tumor-derived grp170 as a therapeutic vaccine against metastatic diseases.

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