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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Apr;35(4):675-81.

Metabolic and cardiovascular response to shallow water exercise in young and older women.

Author information

1
Providence Alaska Medical Center, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA. jacsub330@netscape.net

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic and cardiovascular responses of young (Y) and older (O) women ages 19-24 yr (N = 11) and 63-72 yr (N = 11), respectively, while performing shallow water exercise (SWE).

METHODS:

Resting metabolic rate was determined as was the metabolic (indirect calorimetry) and heart rate (Polar monitor) responses to five submaximal and one maximal SWE bout, and to a 40-min SWE class.

RESULTS:

1) One metabolic equivalent (MET) equaled (mean +/- SE) 3.3 +/- 0.2 mL O(2).min-1.kg-1 (Y) and 2.8 +/- 0.1 mL O(2).min-1.kg-1 (O) (P < 0.05); 2) submaximal (bouts 1-5) MET and HR responses ranged from 3.5 to 8.6 and 95 to 144 bpm (Y), and 3.2 to 6.3 and 92 to 124 bpm (O); 3) estimated MET, % HR(peak), and kcal O(2) per minute at given relative efforts (% [OV0312]O(2peak)) were greater for the older group (P < 0.05), whereas no difference in RPE was found; 4) peak MET and HR equaled 11.7 +/- 0.8 and 182 +/- 3 bpm (Y) and 7.6 +/- 0.4 and 156 +/- 5 bpm (O), respectively (P < 0.05); 5) SWE class: overall, estimated average MET level was 4.9 +/- 0.3 (O) and 5.8 +/- 0.4 (Y) (P > 0.05); the overall relative intensity (% MET(peak)) was greater for the O group (61.5 +/- 2.5 vs 48.8 +/- 2.2) (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

SWE elicited metabolic and cardiovascular responses that met ACSM's guidelines for establishing health benefits. Furthermore, older females may self-select a greater relative exercise intensity during SWE compared with younger counterparts when provided with the same verbal instructions and encouragement.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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