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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 13;278(24):21493-501. Epub 2003 Apr 2.

Molecular and functional characterization of the melastatin-related cation channel TRPM3.

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  • 1Institut für Pharmakologie, Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin, Freie Universität Berlin, Thielallee 69-73, Berlin 14195, Germany.


Proteins of the mammalian TRP (transient receptor potential) family form a heterogenous group of cation channels important for cellular Ca2+ signaling and homeostasis. Here we present the full-length sequence of TRPM3, a member of the melastatin-like subfamily (TRPM) of TRP channels. TRPM3 expression was found in human kidney and brain. HEK293 cells transiently transfected with TRPM3 showed a constitutive Ca2+ and Mn2+ entry. Whole-cell patch clamp experiments confirmed the spontaneous activity of TRPM3 and revealed permeability ratios PCa/PNa of 1.57 and PNa/PCs of 0.75. In cell-attached patches, spontaneous inward and outward currents were observed. At negative membrane potentials and in the presence of either 140 mm Cs+, 140 mm Na+, or 100 mm Ca2+ in the pipette solution, the single channel conductance levels were 133, 83, and 65 pS, respectively. The Ca2+ entry in TRPM3-expressing HEK293 cells increased during treatment with hypotonic extracellular solution. The reduction of extracellular osmolarity was accompanied by cell swelling, suggesting volume-regulated activity of TRPM3. From its function and expression in human kidney, we propose a role of TRPM3 in renal Ca2+ homeostasis.

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