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Theor Appl Genet. 2003 Apr;106(6):1102-6. Epub 2002 Dec 4.

Construction and characterization of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of banana (Musa acuminata Colla).

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Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Coorporation), National Research Center of Cassava and Fruit Crops (CNPMF), P.O Box 007, Zip Code 44380.000, Cruz das Almas BA, Brazil.


A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for banana was constructed from leaves of the wild diploid 'Calcutta 4' clone (Musa acuminata subsp. Burmannicoides 2n = 2 x = 22). 'Calcutta 4' is widely used in breeding programs for its resistance to the current major disease of banana and is being used to build a genetic reference map of banana. As banana leaves are particularly rich in polyphenols and polysaccharides a protocol was adapted to isolate intact nuclei and high-molecular-weight (HMW) DNA. A total of 55,152 clones with an average insert size of 100 kb were picked. The frequency of BAC clones carrying inserts derived from chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA was estimated to be 1.5%. The coverage of the library is equivalent to 9.0-times the haploid genome. The BAC library was screened with 13 RFLP probes belonging to the 8 linkage groups of the consensus molecular map of banana. A total of 135 clones were identified giving an average of 10.38 clones for each locus. This BAC library will be a valuable starting tool for many of the goals of the recently emerged International Musa Genomic Consortium. One of our initial objectives will be to develop a banana physical map by BAC-FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) viewing the characterization of translocation break points.

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