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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2003 Mar 28;220(2):177-80.

A novel sequence framework (bla(TEM-1G)) encoding the parental TEM-1 beta-lactamase.

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CIISA, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Rua Prof. Cid dos Santos, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.


A novel parental bla(TEM) gene (bla(TEM-1G)), encoding a TEM-1 beta-lactamase (pI of 5.4) produced by the uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain FMV194 was isolated from a dog. We report PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and nucleotide sequencing of this gene. The bla(TEM-1G) sequence was identical to the bla(TEM-1C) gene framework in the coding and promoter (P3) regions, except for a silent G(604)-->T mutation in the coding region. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of parental bla(TEM) genes indicated two distinct groups, one comprising bla(TEM-1F) and bla(TEM-2). The other group comprises bla(TEM-1C) which is the probable ancestor of bla(TEM-1A), bla(TEM-1D) and bla(TEM-1G). The bla(TEM-1G) gene has the same framework as a gene encoding an inhibitor-resistant TEM beta-lactamase produced by an E. coli strain of human origin. Thus, parental bla(TEM) genes encoding beta-lactamases in E. coli strains isolated from different host species, in this case human and canine, may be phylogenetically very close.

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