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Br J Haematol. 2003 Apr;121(1):170-2.

The impact of Asian descent on the incidence of acquired severe aplastic anaemia in children.

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Oncology Department, The Children's Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.


Previous studies have suggested an increased incidence of acquired severe aplastic anaemia in Asian populations. We evaluated the incidence of aplastic anaemia in people of Asian descent, using a well-defined paediatric (0-14 years) population in British Columbia, Canada to minimize environmental factors. The incidence in children of East/South-east Asian descent (6.9/million/year) and South Asian (East Indian) descent (7.3/million/year) was higher than for those of White/mixed ethnic descent (1.7/million/year). There appeared to be no contribution by environmental factors. This study shows that Asian children have an increased incidence of severe aplastic anaemia possibly as a result of a genetic predisposition.

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