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Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Mar;17(6):1303-5.

Syntaxin I modulation of presynaptic calcium channel inactivation revealed by botulinum toxin C1.

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Cellular and Molecular Biology Division, MP14-320, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto ON, Canada.


The chick ciliary ganglion calyx-type nerve terminal was used to examine voltage-sensitive inactivation of presynaptic N-type Ca2+ channels and to test if this inactivation is modulated by the transmitter release-associated protein syntaxin I. We tested the role of this protein with botulinum toxin C1 (BtC1) which cleaves syntaxin I close to its membrane anchor. The presynaptic Ca2+ current inactivated as two distinct populations with approximately 75% inactivating at a depolarized potential, V1/2 approximately -15 mV, with the remainder inactivating at approximately -75 mV. BtC1 had no detectable effect on the latter component but resulted in a approximately 7 mV positive shift in the V1/2 of the -15 mV inactivating component. These results confirm that the bulk of presynaptic N-type Ca2+ channels are in general resistant to voltage dependent inactivation and provide the first direct evidence that the physiological properties of presynaptic nerve terminal Ca2+ channels are subject to modulation by release site-associated proteins.

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