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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Apr 9;51(8):2384-9.

C-27 apocarotenoids in the flowers of Boronia megastigma (Nees).

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School of Agricultural Science and Central Science Laboratory, University of Tasmania, GPO Box 252-54, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.


Five C-27 apocarotenoids were detected in acetone extracts of the flowers of Boronia megastigma (Nees) using HPLC with UV-vis photodiode array and MS detection. Comparison of methylated and unmethylated extracts aided identification when considered with the UV-vis and MS data. The five apocarotenoids identified here were hydroxy-apo-10'-carotenoic acid (1), methyl hydroxy-apo-10'-carotenoate (2), apo-10'-carotenoic acid (3), apo-10'-carotenal (4), and methyl apo-10'-carotenoate (5). The data obtained was not sufficient to allow the specific isomeric forms to be unequivocally identified. The results further support speculation that the C-13 norisoprenoids found in boronia are derived from C-40 carotenoids. Possible parent molecules of beta-ionone, an important component of boronia extract, were identified. An understanding of C-13 norisoprenoid biosynthesis may assist in the selection and postharvest processing of boronia flowers for flavor and fragrance applications.

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