Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Sports Med. 2003 Feb;24(2):125-30.

Muscle architectural characteristics in young and elderly men and women.

Author information

1
Department of Life Science (Sports Sciences), University of Tokyo, Komaba 3-8-1, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan. kubo@idaten.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle architectural characteristics, i. e., muscle thickness, pennation angle, fascicle length, of four different groups comprising a total of 121 men and 190 women, divided according to sex and age (i. e., 20 - 39 yrs and 60 - 85 yrs). Muscle thickness and pennation angles of the vastus lateralis (VL), medial gastrocnemius (MG), long head of triceps brachii (TB) muscles were measured by B-mode ultrasonography, and fascicle length was estimated. Men had significantly greater relative muscle thickness (to limb length) than women, but not for MG. Relative muscle thickness of VL was significantly greater in younger subjects than in elderly (men; p < 0.001, women; p < 0.001), although there were no significant differences in relative muscle thickness of MG and TB between younger and elderly subjects. Men had significantly greater pennation angles than women, but not for MG in elderly subjects. The pennation angle of VL was significantly greater in younger subjects than in elderly (men; p < 0.001, women; p < 0.001), although there were no significant differences in pennation angles of MG and TB between younger and elderly subjects. Women had longer relative fascicle lengths (to limb length) of VL than men (p = 0.048 for younger, p = 0.028 for elderly). These results suggest that the decrease of thickness of the vastus lateralis muscle with aging is significant, and that there is the gender difference in the fascicle length of the vastus lateralis muscle.

PMID:
12669259
DOI:
10.1055/s-2003-38204
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
Loading ...
Support Center