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Int J Nurs Stud. 2003 May;40(4):347-57.

On a happier note: validation of musical exercise for older persons in long-term care settings.

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  • 1School of Health Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alta., Canada T1K 3M4.


This paper describes a quasi-experimental study of a musical exercise intervention to improve the physical, cognitive, behavioral status and life satisfaction of older residents in a long-term care facility in the United Kingdom. Twenty long-term care residents from three different units (n=60) were recruited and assigned to one of three groups: a control (C) group (no intervention), an occupational therapy (OT) group (comparison group) and a music exercise group (intervention group). Assessments of physical and cognitive status were made pre-intervention and repeated at the end of the 10-week exercise program and again 10 weeks after the completion of the program. The results show that both OT and exercise participation is associated with improvement in physical and cognitive function. However, the exercise group showed significant improvement in more areas than the OT group. The functional benefits from OT and exercise were not sustainable after these activities ceased and showed significant decline 10 weeks after the end of the programs.

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