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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 20;278(25):22755-61. Epub 2003 Mar 28.

Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 regulates signaling in response to interleukin-2 and other gamma c-dependent cytokines in peripheral T cells.

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1
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Post Office, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria 3050, Australia.

Abstract

Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) is an essential regulator of cytokine signaling. SOCS-1-/- mice die before weaning with a complex disease characterized by fatty degeneration and necrosis of the liver. This disease is mediated by interferon (IFN) gamma as neonatal mortality fails to occur in SOCS-1-/-IFNgamma-/- mice. However, the immune system of healthy SOCS-1-/-IFNgamma-/- mice is dysregulated with a reduced ratio of CD4:CD8 T cells and increases in some aspects of T cell activation. SOCS-1-/-IFNgamma-/- mice also die before their wild type and IFNgamma-/- counterparts with a range of inflammatory conditions including pneumonia, gut infiltration, and skin ulceration, suggesting that SOCS-1 controls not only IFNgamma signaling, but also other immunoregulatory factors. This study shows that T cells from SOCS-1-deficient mice display hypersensitivity to cytokines that act through the gammac receptor. SOCS-1 expression is induced by interleukin (IL) 2, IL-4, IL-7, and IL-15, and SOCS-1-deficient T cells show increased proliferation and prolonged survival in response to IL-2 and IL-4. Furthermore, IL-2 induced increased STAT5 phosphorylation and CD44 expression in SOCS-1-deficient T cells compared with controls. Hypersensitivity to gammac-dependent cytokines may contribute to abnormal T cell function, as well as the pathology observed in mice lacking SOCS-1.

PMID:
12665516
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M303021200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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