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J Hepatol. 2003 Apr;38(4):468-75.

Increased expression of collagenase in the liver induces hepatocyte proliferation with cytoplasmic accumulation of beta-catenin in the rat.

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1
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Since the hepatic extracellular matrix is remodeled in liver regeneration, we investigated whether increased collagenase activity in the liver can induce hepatocyte proliferation in vivo.

METHODS:

To increase hepatic collagenase activity, human matrix metalloproteinase-1 was delivered to the rat liver by the recombinant adenoviral vector Ad5MMP-1.

RESULTS:

Hepatic delivery of Ad5MMP-1 increased the 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine labeling index and mitotic index in hepatocytes, causing an increase in the dry liver weight; control adenovirus, Ad5LacZ, had minimal effect. Hepatocyte proliferation started approximately 48 h after infection with Ad5MMP-1 and ended after about 2 weeks. The increase in the dry liver weight also returned to baseline after 2 weeks. Transient liver injury by Ad5MMP-1, reflected by increased aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels, peaked around 1 week, and was associated with hepatocyte apoptosis. Collagenase-induced hepatocyte proliferation was accompanied by cytoplasmic accumulation of beta-catenin and a transient decrease in E-cadherin expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Modification of the hepatic extracellular matrix by collagenase induces transient hepatocyte proliferation in vivo, suggesting that the condition of the hepatic extracellular matrix per se plays a pivotal role in regulating hepatocyte proliferation.

PMID:
12663239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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