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J Mol Biol. 2003 Apr 11;327(5):1169-79.

A specific interaction between the NBD of the ABC-transporter HlyB and a C-terminal fragment of its transport substrate haemolysin A.

Author information

1
Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, Bât. 409, Université de Paris XI, 91405, Orsay, France.

Abstract

A member of the family of RTX toxins, Escherichia coli haemolysin A, is secreted from Gram-negative bacteria. It carries a C-terminal secretion signal of approximately 50 residues, targeting the protein to the secretion or translocation complex, in which the ABC-transporter HlyB is a central element. We have purified the nucleotide-binding domain of HlyB (HlyB-NBD) and a C-terminal 23kDa fragment of HlyA plus the His-tag (HlyA1), which contains the secretion sequence. Employing surface plasmon resonance, we were able to demonstrate that the HlyB-NBD and HlyA1 interact with a K(D) of approximately 4 microM. No interaction was detected between the HlyA fragment and unrelated NBDs, OpuAA, involved in import of osmoprotectants, and human TAP1-NBD, involved in the export of antigenic peptides. Moreover, a truncated version of HlyA1, lacking the secretion signal, failed to interact with the HlyB-NBD. In addition, we showed that ATP accelerated the dissociation of the HlyB-NBD/HlyA1 complex. Taking these results together, we propose a model for an early stage of initiation of secretion in vivo, in which the NBD of HlyB, specifically recognizes the C terminus of the transport substrate, HlyA, and where secretion is initiated by subsequent displacement of HlyA from HlyB by ATP.

PMID:
12662939
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00204-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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