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Prostate. 2003 May 1;55(2):89-98.

mRNA expression of the five membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases MT1-MT5 in human prostatic cell lines and their down-regulation in human malignant prostatic tissue.

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Department of Urology, University Hospital Charité, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany.



The aim of this study was to assess the expression of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) 1-5 in the human prostatic cell lines BPH-1, LNCaP, DU 145, PC-3, in malignant and non-malignant prostatic tissue samples, and in epithelial cells cultured from these tissue samples.


Matched malignant and non-malignant tissue specimens were obtained from 12 men with untreated prostate carcinoma after radical prostatectomy. Expression of mRNA for the five MT-MMPs was quantified by real-time PCR technique and normalized to the expression of the housekeeping gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH).


The expression of the five MT-MMPs was distinctly different not only between the prostate cell lines but also varied in the same cell line. There was a general higher expression of all MT-MMPs except for MT3-MMP in the androgen-insensitive cells DU 145 and PC-3 compared with that in the androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells. Their relatively high expression in the benign prostatic cell line BPH-1 and also in the primary cell cultures from malignant and non-malignant tissue samples argues against a simple association between MT-MMP expression and invasiveness. In malignant tissue samples and their corresponding cell cultures, the expression of most MT-MMPs was down-regulated in comparison to the normal counterparts. There was no correlation between tumor classification data and the MT-MMP expression results.


In contrast to other carcinoma, the down-regulation of most MT-MMPs is typical for prostate carcinoma. It seems to occur mainly in epithelial cells and has to be examined as special characteristic of this tumor entity in further studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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