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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jul;306(1):253-61. Epub 2003 Mar 26.

Pharmacology of (2S,4Z)-N-[(2S)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl]-4-(methoxyimino) -1-[(2'-methyl[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)carbonyl]-2-pyrrolidinecarboxamide, a new potent and selective nonpeptide antagonist of the oxytocin receptor.

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Istituto di Ricerche Biomediche "A Marxer", LCG Bioscience, Colleretto Giacosa, Italy.


We have discovered a new, potent, selective, and orally active oxytocin receptor antagonist, (2S,4Z)-N-[(2S)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl]-4-(methoxyimino)-1-[(2'-methyl[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)carbonyl]-2-pyrrolidinecarboxamide (compound 1). We report the biochemical, pharmacological, and pharmacokinetic characterization in vitro and in vivo of this compound. Compound 1 competitively inhibits binding of [3H]oxytocin and the peptide antagonist 125I-ornithine vasotocin analog to human and rat oxytocin receptor expressed in human embryonic kidney 293-EBNA or Chinese hamster ovary cells with nanomolar potency. Selectivity against vasopressin receptor subtypes is >6-fold for V1a and >350-fold for V2 and V1b. Compound 1 inhibits oxytocin-evoked intracellular Ca2+ mobilization (IC50 = 8 nM). Compound 1 has no intrinsic agonist activity at the oxytocin receptor. Oxytocininduced contraction of isolated rat uterine strips is blocked by compound 1 (pA2 = 7.82). In anesthetized nonpregnant rats, single administration of compound 1 by i.v. or oral routes causes dose-dependent inhibition of contractions elicited by repeated injections of oxytocin with ED50 = 3.5 mg/kg i.v. and 89 mg/kg p.o., respectively. Compound 1 significantly inhibits spontaneous uterine contractions in pregnant rats near term when administered intravenously or orally. We conclude that compound 1 is a potent, selective, and orally active nonpeptide oxytocin receptor antagonist, which is a suitable candidate for evaluation as a potential tocolytic agent for the management of preterm labor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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