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J Leukoc Biol. 2003 Apr;73(4):511-24.

Lysophosphatidylcholines prime the NADPH oxidase and stimulate multiple neutrophil functions through changes in cytosolic calcium.

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  • 1Bonfils Blood Center, Denver, Colorado 80230, USA.


A mixture of lysophosphatidylcholines (lyso-PCs) are generated during blood storage and are etiologic in models of acute lung injury. We hypothesize that lyso-PCs stimulate polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) through Ca(2)(+)-dependent signaling. The lyso-PC mix (0.45-14.5 micro M) and the individual lyso-PCs primed formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) activation of the oxidase (1.8- to 15.7-fold and 1.7- to 14.8-fold; P<0.05). Labeled lyso-PCs demonstrated a membrane association with PMNs and caused rapid increases in cytosolic Ca(2)(+). Receptor desensitization studies implicated a common receptor or a family of receptors for the observed lyso-PC-mediated changes in PMN priming, and cytosolic Ca(2)(+) functions were pertussis toxin-sensitive. Lyso-PCs caused rapid serine phosphorylation of a 68-kD protein but did not activate mitogen-activated protein kinases or cause changes in tyrosine phosphorylation. With respect to alterations in PMN function, lyso-PCs caused PMN adherence, increased expression of CD11b and the fMLP receptor, reduced chemotaxis, provoked changes in morphology, elicited degranulation, and augmented fMLP-induced azurophilic degranulation (P<0.05). Cytosolic Ca(2)(+) chelation inhibited lyso-PC-mediated priming of the oxidase, CD11b surface expression, changes in PMN morphology, and serine phosphorylation of the 68-kD protein. In conclusion, lyso-PCs affect multiple PMN functions in a Ca(2)(+)-dependent manner that involves the activation of a pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein.

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