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Am J Public Health. 2003 Apr;93(4):647-51.

Complementary therapy for addiction: "drumming out drugs".

Author information

1
Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-2402, USA. michael.winkelman@asu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This article examines drumming activities as complementary addiction treatments and discusses their reported effects.

METHODS:

I observed drumming circles for substance abuse (as a participant), interviewed counselors and Internet mailing list participants, initiated a pilot program, and reviewed literature on the effects of drumming.

RESULTS:

Research reviews indicate that drumming enhances recovery through inducing relaxation and enhancing theta-wave production and brain-wave synchronization. Drumming produces pleasurable experiences, enhanced awareness of preconscious dynamics, release of emotional trauma, and reintegration of self. Drumming alleviates self-centeredness, isolation, and alienation, creating a sense of connectedness with self and others. Drumming provides a secular approach to accessing a higher power and applying spiritual perspectives.

CONCLUSIONS:

Drumming circles have applications as complementary addiction therapy, particularly for repeated relapse and when other counseling modalities have failed.

PMID:
12660212
PMCID:
PMC1447805
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.93.4.647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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