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Chemistry. 2003 Apr 4;9(7):1542-8.

The structure of lipid A of the lipopolysaccharide from Burkholderia caryophylli with a 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinopyranose 1-phosphate residue exclusively in glycosidic linkage.

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Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Biochimica, Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy.


From the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) of the plant-pathogenic bacterium Burkholderia caryophylli, the complete structure of lipid A has been characterized. For the first time, a 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinopyranose 1-phosphate residue was proven to be exclusively linked to the reducing end of lipid A from a wild-type LPS. The LPSs of B. caryophylli were degraded by mild acetate buffer hydrolysis at pH 4.4. The obtained lipid A was analyzed as such, and also after de-O-acylation or dephosphorylation. The structure of lipid A was identified mainly by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry, and by various 1D and 2D (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopic measurements.

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