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Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 Apr;27(4):554-9.

Primary prostatic endodermal sinus tumor (yolk sac tumor) combined with a small focal seminoma.

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Department of Pathology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handa-yama, Hamamatsu-shi, 431-3192 Japan.


We report on a primary endodermal sinus tumor (EST) (yolk sac tumor) combined with a focal seminoma of the prostate occurring in a 24-year-old man. The prostate was widely infiltrated with neoplasms that penetrated the capsule and invaded into the bladder wall and urethra. Most areas of the tumor were composed of papillary and glandular epithelium in the fibrous or myxoid stroma. Schiller-Duval bodies and periodic acid-Schiff-positive hyaline bodies were focally present. In addition to yolk sac tumor, solid nests of seminoma were found in some areas. Immunohistochemistry using specific antibodies for alpha-fetoprotein and cytokeratin showed positive reaction on the EST portion, and placental alkaline phosphatase revealed positive staining in the seminoma portion and a part of EST. Tumor cells exhibited negative staining for prostate-specific antigen, prostatic acid phosphatase, carcinoembryonic antigen, vimentin, chromogranin A, and human chorionic gonadotropin. Despite radical surgery and ordinary cisplatin-based chemotherapy, the patient died 8 months after operation. At autopsy, only EST elements had metastasized to the lungs, liver, and brain, and no tumors were found in either testis. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a primary EST combined with a focal seminoma in the prostate.

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