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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Jul;285(1):F87-94. Epub 2003 Mar 25.

Acute renal failure after whole body ischemia is characterized by inflammation and T cell-mediated injury.

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Department of Medicine and Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.


Acute renal failure (ARF) commonly occurs after whole body ischemia. Most experimental models of ARF have relied on the isolated renal artery clamping model; however, there is a pressing need to develop and understand the pathogenesis of new models with more "clinical relevance." We evaluated a new murine model of ARF after whole body ischemia reperfusion injury (WBIRI). WBIRI was induced by an infusion of potassium chloride and a cardiac arrest period of 10 min. Resuscitation was achieved by cardiac compressions, ventilation, epinephrine, and fluids. WBIRI leads to a significant increase in serum creatinine (SCr) and renal tubular injury by 24 h. Renal myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels increased at 24 h after WBIRI. Increased expression of the proinflammatory genes, ICAM-1 and IL-6, was also observed in the kidney following WBIRI. On the basis of recent data that T cells are important mediators of isolated renal IRI, WBIRI was evaluated in T cell-deficient nu/nu mice. T cell-deficient mice had a significantly reduced rise in SCr and decreased tubular injury compared with wild-type mice. T cell-deficient mice had a decrease in ICAM-1 expression after WBIRI, but no decrease in renal MPO. This study describes a new, clinically relevant, model of ARF after WBIRI in mice and identifies the T cell as an important mediator of renal injury following WBIRI. Reduced ICAM-1 expression may provide a mechanism for this involvement.

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