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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003 Jan;53(Pt 1):77-80.

Legionella busanensis sp. nov., isolated from cooling tower water in Korea.

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Laboratory of Rickettsial and Zoonotic Disease, Department of Microbiology, Korean National Institute of Health, Seoul 122-701, Korea.


Three Legionella-like micro-organisms, isolated from cooling tower water of a building in Busan, Korea, were characterized by a variety of biochemical and molecular phylogenetic tests. Analyses of whole-cell fatty acids and results of biochemical tests revealed that these three isolates are distinct from previously described Legionella species. Furthermore, results of comparative analyses of 16S rDNA (1476-1488 bp), mip (408 bp) and rpoB (300 bp) sequences also confirmed that these strains represent a novel species within the genus Legionella. The 16S rDNA sequences of the three Korean isolates had similarities of less than 95.8% to other Legionella species. Phylogenetic trees formed by analysis of the 16S rRNA, rpoB and mip genes revealed that the isolates formed a distinct cluster within the genus Legionella. Based on the evaluated phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, it is proposed that these Korean isolates from water be classified as a novel species, Legionella busanensis sp. nov.; the type strain is strain K9951T (=KCTC 12084T =ATCC BAA-518T).

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