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Biochem Soc Symp. 2002;(69):73-82.

Lectins and protein traffic early in the secretory pathway.

Author information

1
Biozentrum, Klingelbergstrasse 70, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland. hans-peter.hauri@unibas.ch

Abstract

Lectins of the early secretory pathway are involved in selective transport of newly synthesized glycoproteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC). The most prominent cycling lectin is the mannose-binding type I membrane protein ERGIC-53 (ERGIC protein of 53 kDa), a marker for the ERGIC, which functions as a cargo receptor to facilitate export of an increasing number of glycoproteins with different characteristics from the ER. Two ERGIC-53-related proteins, VIP36 (vesicular integral membrane protein 36) and a novel ERGIC-53-like protein, ERGL, are also found in the early secretory pathway. ERGL may act as a regulator of ERGIC-53. Studies of ERGIC-53 continue to provide new insights into the organization and dynamics of the early secretory pathway. Analysis of the cycling of ERGIC-53 uncovered a complex interplay of trafficking signals and revealed novel cytoplasmic ER-export motifs that interact with COP-II coat proteins. These motifs are common to type I and polytopic membrane proteins including presenilin 1 and presenilin 2. The results support the notion that protein export from the ER is selective.

PMID:
12655775
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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