Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2003 Apr;71(4):2153-62.

Involvement of myeloid dendritic cells in the development of gastric secondary lymphoid follicles in Helicobacter pylori-infected neonatally thymectomized BALB/c mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology & Endoscopic Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawara-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.


We previously described an animal model of Helicobacter pylori-induced follicular gastritis in neonatally thymectomized (nTx) mice. However, it is still not clear whether antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) in the stomach have a role in the development of secondary follicles in H. pylori-infected nTx mice. We investigated the distribution of DC subsets using this model and examined their roles. To identify lymphoid and myeloid DCs, sections were stained with anti-CD11c (pan-DC marker) in combination with anti-CD8alpha (lymphoid DC marker) or anti-CD11b (myeloid DC marker) and were examined with a confocal microscope. Expression of macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha (MIP-3alpha), which chemoattracts immature DCs, was analyzed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) were stained with anti-SKY28 antibodies. In noninfected nTx mice, a few myeloid and lymphoid DCs were observed in the bottom portion of the lamina propria, whereas in H. pylori-infected nTx mice, there was an increased influx of myeloid DCs throughout the lamina propria. FDC staining was also observed in the stomachs of members of the infected group. MIP-3alpha gene expression was upregulated in the infected nTx group, and the immunohistochemistry analysis revealed MIP-3alpha-positive epithelial cells. These data suggest that H. pylori infection upregulates MIP-3alpha gene expression in gastric epithelial cells and induces an influx of myeloid DCs in the lamina propria of the gastric mucosa in nTx mice. Myeloid DCs and FDCs might contribute to the development of gastric secondary lymphoid follicles in H. pylori-infected nTx mice.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center