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ILAR J. 2003;44(2):96-104.

Models of focal cerebral ischemia in the nonhuman primate.

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Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.


Ischemic stroke is a uniquely human disease syndrome. Models of focal cerebral ischemia developed in nonhuman primates provide clinically relevant platforms for investigating pathophysiological alterations associated with ischemic brain injury, microvascular responses, treatment responses, and clinically relevant outcomes that may be appropriate for ischemic stroke patients. A considerable number of advantages attend the use of nonhuman primate models in cerebral vascular research. Appropriate development of such models requires neurosurgical expertise to produce single or multiple vascular occlusions. A number of experimentally and clinically accessible outcomes can be measured, including neurological deficits, neuron injury, evidence of non-neuronal cell injury, infarction volume, real-time imaging of injury development, vascular responses, regional cerebral blood flow, microvascular events, the relation between neuron and vascular events, and behavioral outcomes. Nonhuman primate models of focal cerebral ischemia provide excellent opportunities for understanding the vascular and cellular pathophysiology of cerebral ischemic injury, which resembles human ischemic stroke, and the appropriate study of pharmacological interventions in a human relevant setting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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