Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cancer Res. 2003 Mar;1(5):333-45.

Elevated membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases in gliomas revealed by profiling proteases and inhibitors in human cancer cells.

Author information

School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, United Kingdom.


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate proteolysis of the extracellular matrix and other extracellular proteins, including growth factors and their receptors. The aberrant expression of these genes is common in most cancers. We profiled the RNA levels of every human MMP and TIMP in a variety of cell types (fibroblast, endothelial, hematopoietic, carcinoma, melanoma, and glioma) using quantitative PCR, with the aim of identifying novel expression patterns. Almost all members of the membrane-type (MT-) MMP and TIMP families were elevated in glioma lines compared to carcinomas. In clinical glioma specimens, there were positive correlations between glioma grade and RNA levels of MT-1, MT-2, and MT-6 MMP, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, and for several growth factors and receptors. These findings suggest that advanced malignant gliomas have elevated levels of membrane-associated MMPs and TIMPs, which may potentially regulate vascularization and invasion. Concurrent elevation of signaling molecules suggests potential bidirectional relationships that enhance tumor aggressiveness.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center